Haydn, Franz Joseph
- (31 March 1732, Rohrau, Austria – 31 May 1809, Vienna)Known as the "father of the symphony" and "father of the string quartet," Haydn also made important contributions to the sacred repertory that survive mainly in the concert repertory of choral societies: 15 masses, 24 motets, and six oratorios. The best known of the earlier masses is the Cäcilienmesse (1766), a "Neapolitan" or "cantata" mass that breaks the texts into selfcontained movements. His last six masses were composed at the request of his patron, Nikolaus Eszterháza (the younger), whose family Haydn served for most of his career, to celebrate the name day of the Princess Maria Hermenegild on 8 September. All have entered the repertory:• Mass in C major (Paukenmesse; Missa in Tempore Belli, 1796)• Mass in B-flat major (Heiligmesse, 1796, performed 1797)• Mass in D minor ("Lord Nelson Mass," 1798)• Mass in B-flat major (Theresienmesse, 1799)• Mass in B-flat major (Schöpfungsmesse, 1801)• Mass in B-flat major (Harmoniemesse, 1802)These are symphonic masses scored usually for four vocal soloists, four-voiced choir, and symphony orchestra, and last about 45 minutes. Haydn composed each of the ordinary prayers as a continuous movement, the shorter ones in sonata style. The longer ones have changes of tempo and texture to express the text and articulate structure.The Creation is among the most frequently sung of all oratorios;The Seasons is also frequently performed, and The Seven LastWords of Our Saviour from the Cross less so.
Historical dictionary of sacred music. Joseph P. Swain. 2006.
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Haydn, Franz Joseph — • Famous composer (1732 1809) Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 … Catholic encyclopedia
Haydn,Franz Joseph — Haydn (hīdʹn), Franz Joseph. 1732 1809. Austrian composer who exerted great influence on the development of the classical symphony. A contemporary of Mozart, he wrote numerous symphonies and string quartets as well as operas and concertos. * * * … Universalium
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Haydn, Franz Joseph — (1732 1809) An Austrian composer whose musical creativity has been attributed in part to his musical hallucinations. Haydn suffered from hearing loss, vertigo, tinnitus, and hyperacusis. As this combination of symptoms is highly suggestive of… … Dictionary of Hallucinations
Haydn, (Franz) Joseph — born March 31, 1732, Rohrau, Austria died May 31, 1809, Vienna Austrian composer. Intended for the priesthood, he was recruited at age eight to the choir at St. Stephen s Church, Vienna, where he learned violin and keyboard. On leaving the choir … Universalium
Haydn, (Franz) Joseph — (31 mar. 1732, Rohrau, Austria–31 may. 1809, Viena). Compositor austríaco. Destinado al sacerdocio, a los ocho años fue reclutado para el coro de la iglesia de San Esteban en Viena, donde aprendió violín y clavecín. Al dejar el coro, comenzó a… … Enciclopedia Universal
Haydn, Franz Joseph — ► (1732 1809) Compositor austríaco. Es una de las figuras cimeras del clasicismo. Durante su juventud fue compositor prolífico: divertimenti, un quinteto, dos sinfonías, etc. Desde 1761 ejerció como segundo maestro de capilla del príncipe… … Enciclopedia Universal
Haydn, Franz Joseph — (1732–1809) Austrian composer … Bryson’s dictionary for writers and editors
Franz Joseph Haydn — Joseph Haydn 1791, Ölgemälde von Thomas Hardy (Franz) Joseph Haydn (auch Josef, er benutzte nie Franz; * 31. März 1732 in Rohrau, Niederösterreich; † 31. Mai 1809 in Wien) war ein führender österreichischer Komponist der … Deutsch Wikipedia
Franz Joseph Haydn — Franz Joseph Haydn † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Franz Joseph Haydn Born of staunch Catholic parents at Rohrau, Austria, 1 April, 1732; died at Gumpendorf, Vienna, 31 May, 1809. He began his great musical career in the choir school of St … Catholic encyclopedia